|Incidents and Accidents||<<|
The following is a list of all major incidents and accidents occurring to Trident airliners:
Location Date Marking Type Operator
The aircraft has departed Hawker Siddeley's factory airfield at Hatfield in the late afternoon to conduct stalling tests over East Anglia. On the fourth stall test, the recovery systems were deliberately made inoperative as part of the test, but recovery action from the pilots was left too late and the aircraft first entered a superstall (aka deep stall or stable stall) from which it then entered a flat spin and could not be recovered. All four test crew were killed.
A poor approach to the airport at too high a rate of decent and with insufficient engine power caused the aircraft to crash land three and a half miles short of the runway. There were no fatalities but the aircraft was written off.
Airport 03/07/68 G-ARPT 1C
British European Airways
A cabin fire occurred onboard the aircraft whilst parked and it was written off.
After an alleged failed coup attempt, a number of senior Chinese officials including Lin Biao (although this was officially denied) were defecting to the USSR when the aircraft they were travelling on crashed, either due to lack of fuel or a missile impact. Details of Lin's death were kept secret for a year and even today the specific events leading to and surrounding the crash are debated and disputed.
Nicosia Airport, Cyprus
22/06/74 5B-DAB 2E Cyprus Airways
A war broke out on the Island of Cyprus in 1974 during which aircraft of the Turkish air force strafed Cyprus Airways' aircraft at the civilian Nicosia Airport. Trident 2E 5B-DAB was damaged, 5B-DAC was also damaged but later repaired and returned to BA, 5B-DAD also went to BA, but 5B-DAE was completely destroyed.
On takeoff the Captain decided to abort due to an apparent deceleration caused by the aircraft encountering standing water on the surface of the runway. It was unable to stop in time and went off the end of the runway. No one was killed but the aircraft was badly damaged and therefore written off. the AAIB report can be found here.
A fire broke out in the cabin whilst the aircraft was parked and it was written off.
10/09/76 G-AWZT 3B British Airways
British Airways airways flight BA475 to Istanbul from London was over Yugoslavia at the same time as Inex Air Adria flight JP550 - A DC-9 - heading for Cologne. The air traffic control at Zagreb was understaffed and the controllers struggling to cope. It was just around the time of a handover of shifts between two controllers. The Inex Adria aircraft was cleared to FL350 (2,000ft above the Trident's altitude) and frantic efforts to alert the Inex Adria pilot were made in Croatian and not English, thus denying important information from the British crew. The DC-9 levelled out and held its altitude, but ironically this resulted in the two aircraft colliding and the deaths of all 176 people onboard both aircraft. The AAIB report on this incident can be found here.
The aircraft was allegedly taken by an unqualified pilot, from one or other airport and subsequently crashed after takeoff into a local factory causing a large number of fatalities on the ground. It is unclear whether this occurred at Guangzhou or Beijing.
The aircraft crashed into a mountain whilst on approach to Guilin airport.
Aircraft overran the length of the runway on landing roll-out, causing the nose gear to collapse.
The aircraft was hijacked and flown to Chunchon, South Korea where it overran the runway but nevertheless, the aircraft and its passengers were later returned to China unharmed.
An Il-28 collided with the aircraft whilst taxiing resulting in 11 fatalities aboard the Trident.
Whilst landing in poor weather and low visibility conditions at Kai Tak, the starboard wing touched the ground and the starboard undercarriage collapsed. The aircraft veered off the runway and into Kowloon harbour. There were 7 fatalities and 89 survivors.
The aircraft overran the runway after a late
touchdown on a wet runway. There were no fatalities but the aircraft
was written off.
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